Tuesday, May 26, 2020
The analysis of the problem begins by examining Bruce Tuckman, who formulated a group theory in 1965. Tuckman states that every group goes through four processes, called forming, storming, norming and performing. When a group goes through the forming process, the group is formed for the first time and the members get oriented with one another. Conflict emerges in the second process, which is known as storming. With norming, the group members get used to one another their styles of communication, their quirks and foibles and their level of work ethic. It is at this time that the group begins to become more cohesive and function better. Performing is the next process, and this is where the newly-coherent group works on task and completes the work to which it was assigned (Tuckman Jensen, 1977). According to Oemig et al, the performing element is assisted by group awareness. This is where every member of the group gets to know every other member of the group, including informati on about the other members goals, and this is how the group achieves efficiency peaks (Oemig et al. ). Civettini (2007) emphasizes group member similarity the more people within the group are similar, the less likely there will be conflict and more likely there will be a consensus within the group about how to accomplish certain tasks (Civettini, 2007, p. We will write a custom essay sample on Similarity and Group Performance or any topic specifically for you Only $17.96 $11.86/page With norming, the group members get used to one another their styles of communication, their quirks and foibles and their level of work ethic. It is at this time that the group begins to become more cohesive and function better. Performing is the next process, and this is where the newly-coherent group works on task and completes the work to which it was assigned (Tuckman Jensen, 1977). According to Oemig et al, the performing element is assisted by group awareness. This is where every member of the group gets to know every other member of the group, including information about the other members goals, and this is how the group achieves efficiency peaks (Oemig et al. ). Civettini (2007) emphasizes group member similarity the more people within the group are similar, the less likely there will be conflict and more likely there will be a consensus within the group about how to accomplish certain tasks (Civettini, 2007, p. 264). These theories implicate the performing aspect of Tuckman s theory. The storming aspect of Tuckman s theory has also the subject of academic study and debate why do groups have conflict? Rothwell (2008) states that groups have predictable emotions upon which group cohesiveness and functioning are based (Rothwell et al. , 2008). Wright (2010) states that groups go through emotional phases which impact the way the group members interact over a period of time. When the group is new, individuals may have anxieties and fears regarding the group. They may fear group rejection, and this highlights the importance of leadership. It is up to the leader to help new group members assimilate.
Friday, May 15, 2020
Describe, using named examples and annotated diagrams where appropriate, membrane-bound nucleus and organelles within eukaryotes cells; explain evolutionary advantages of intracellular compartmentalization. Living cells are the functional biological building blocks of animals. They come together to form complex organic tissues, organs, and whole bodies, as well as some of these organisms themselves existing in a unicellular form. Cells vary in size and dimension, with Eukaryotes ranging from 1x10-3m to 1x10-4m in length, whilst the smaller and less structurally complex Prokaryotes exist between measurements of 1x10-4m to 1x10-7m in length. This size is contained by the cell membrane; providing surface area, whilst the three-dimensional formations offer volume to the cell, which comes from the structural sum of all constituents present in the cytoplasm. Cells have evolved; they are small in order to benefit from a large surface area to volume ratio. An increased surface area is very advantageous as it allows more sites for protein carriers to transport nutrients into the cell, as well as encouraging more biochemical reactions on the surface, and across the membrane. With both Eukaryotes and Prokaryotes having ability to transport multiple nutrients and molecules into the cell, a range of reactions can take place within these cells. All the vital catalysts, reactants and reagents required to make use of these transported substances are in the cytoplasm of both types ofShow MoreRelatedAbout Cells Essay2434 Words Ã |Ã 10 Pageson. These large polymeric molecules, or macromolecules, are proteins, made from linear chains of amino acids, DNA and RNA (nucleic acids made from nucleotide bases), and polysaccharides (made of sugar subunits). Prokaryotes and Eukaryotes There is a fundamental division, in size and in internal organization, between prokaryotic cells and eukaryotic cells. Prokaryotic cells, found only in bacteria and cyanobacteria (formerly known as blue-green algae), are relativelyRead MoreThe Endoplasmic Reticulum1644 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages1. Introduction The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is the central intracellular organelle providing stringent quality control systems to protein synthesis. Upon accumulation of misfolded/ unfolded proteins in the ER, eukaryotic cells have developed an evolutionarily conserved adaptive mechanism, unfolded protein response (UPR), to clear these proteins and restore ER homeostasis. The ability to respond to perturbations in ER function is critical for cell survival but chronic or amplified ER stress canRead MoreAn Outline of the Cell Theory Essay3791 Words Ã |Ã 16 Pagestheory replaces the former ideas of spontaneous generation or abiogenesis in which inanimate matter assembles itself into living forms Ã¢â¬ ¢ Exception: muscle cells- more than 1 nucleus, very long; (fungal cells) hyphae roots- not a single unit; protoctista- not specialized to single function; subcellular things like organelles 2.1.2 Discuss the evidence for the cell theory (3). Ã¢â¬ ¢ Robert Hooke first described cells in 1665 while observing cork with a microscope he built. Coined the term Ã¢â¬Å"cellÃ¢â¬ Ã¢â¬ ¢ AntoineRead MoreIb Bio Hl Chap 1 Cell9873 Words Ã |Ã 40 PagesSATHAR MOHD 2012-2014 13. The electron micrograph below shows an organelle in a eukaryotic cell. What is the area labelled X and what is the type of reaction occurring there? [Source: http://scienceblogs.com/clock/2006/11/cell_structure.php] X A. B. C. D. 13. D matrix stroma stroma matrix Reaction photolysis Krebs cycle photolysis Krebs cycle  14. In which of the following cells can more than one nucleus be found? A. B. C. D. An unfertilized egg Neuron Sertoli cell Muscle fibre Read MoreCell Biology Final Essay30093 Words Ã |Ã 121 Pages__________________________________ Date: ______________Comprehensive Study Guide. Test will only be Multiple choice 1. The feature that most clearly separates eukaryotes from prokaryotes is the presence of _______ in eukaryotic cells. A) ribosomes B) oxidative phosphorylation C) DNA molecules -D) a nucleus 2. Cytoplasmic organelles are - A) absent in prokaryotic cells; present in eukaryotic cells. B) present in both prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells. C) present in prokaryotic cells;Read MoreBio 101 Essay24965 Words Ã |Ã 100 PagesBiologyÃ reliesÃ heavilyÃ onÃ theÃ useÃ ofÃ numbers,Ã measurementsÃ andÃ calculations.Ã Ã Consequently,Ã scientistsÃ useÃ aÃ universalÃ measuringÃ standardÃ calledÃ theÃ metricÃ system.Ã Ã BecauseÃ theÃ metricÃ systemÃ isÃ basedÃ onÃ unitsÃ ofÃ ten,Ã itÃ simplifiesÃ makingÃ conversionsÃ withinÃ thatÃ system.Ã TheÃ basicÃ unitsÃ ofÃ measurementÃ inÃ theÃ metricÃ systemÃ are:Ã Ã¯â ·Ã¯â¬ Gram:Ã whenÃ measuringÃ mass.Ã Ã¯â ·Ã¯â¬ Liter:Ã whenÃ measuringÃ liquidÃ volume.Ã Ã¯â ·Ã¯â¬ Meter:Ã whenÃ measuringÃ distance.Ã Ã Note:Ã InÃ theÃ tableÃ belowÃ metersÃ areÃ shownÃ asÃ anÃ exampleRead MoreSexually Transmitted Diseases35655 Words Ã |Ã 143 Pages 78-81 Light 82-91 Sound 92 Simple Machines 93-99 Unit 5 The Physical Environment Weather and Climate 100-113 Soils 114-128 Unit 6 Living things in the Environment Plant and animal cells 129 Eukaryotes vs prokaryotes 130 Structures and functions 133-137 Microbes 148-150 Onion and cheek cells 150-151 Ecological study 154 Seed structure and germination 155-157 Reproduction in plants 158-165 Sexually transmitted
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
War is a catastrophe. Ã¢â¬Å" It kills the very good and the very gentle and the very brave impartially. If you are none of these you can be sure it will kill you too but there will be no special hurryÃ¢â¬ (Hemingway 216). War brings even the most durable people down to their knees and transforms them to something worn down and decrepit. In the tragic war novel, A Farewell to Arms, Ernest Hemingway describes the war with great detail and all of the calamities that come with it. That is because war destroys everything. It kills everything that it stumbles upon. It creates monsters and establishes nightmares that the soldiers take home to their families. All of the screams and the explosions reside in one s ears, wetness and warmth of blood on one s body, and the weight of the artillery on oneÃ¢â¬â¢s heart will never be forgotten. If war is this terrible how can things like nature, people, and love even co-exist? Well, A Farewell to Arms, is the perfect first look into that world. The first thing that war tends to trample on is nature and all of the societies built on that foundation. Even in the novel it foreshadows that war destroys nature from the very first page, Ã¢â¬Å"Troops went by the house and down the road and the dust they raised powdered the leaves of the trees, the trunks of the trees too were dusty and the leaves fell early that yearÃ¢â¬ ¦ and afterward the road bare and white except for the leavesÃ¢â¬ (Hemingway3). In this situation the soldiers symbolize war and the treesShow MoreRelatedThe Lost Generation Analysis920 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesThe Lost Generation was a time of sadness and remorse the authors used these emotions in their literature. It was a time period after World War l when people came of age and started to not be serious since they realized that life is so short. It also reflected in literature like Fitzgerald, T.S Eliot, and Ernest Hemingway. It was like a slap in the face and people didnÃ¢â¬â¢t see it coming, so there was a momentous time of shock. The Lost Generation was more than an accumulation of materialistic itemsRead More The Enduring Hero in the Works of Ernest Hemingway Essay examples2161 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesThe Enduring Hero in the Works of Ernest Hemingway Ã Ã Ã Ã In his vast collection of masterpieces, Ernest Hemingway uses his own characteristics to set a moral code for his various heroes. This sportsman like code is based on the admiration of the physical virtues of courage and endurance. While not necessary for sustaining society, the code conforms the characters to one set of characteristics (McCaffery 237). One key element of this code is stoic endurance in the face of calamity. HemingwaysRead MoreAnalysis Of The Sun Also Rises 1471 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesReality: Crises in Truth in The Sun Also Rises World War I wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t just a historical war inflicting staggering casualty numbers and environmental obliterations on the European soil; this catastrophe stole the identities and purposes of the millions who were impacted on and off the battlefield, thus giving rise to the Lost Generation. In his book, The Sun Also Rises, renowned American novelist Ernest Hemingway pictures the drastic effects that the war posed on these helpless souls through the journeyRead MoreErnest Hemingway Essay6491 Words Ã |Ã 26 Pages Table Of Contents: I. Intoduction II. Childhood III. A Writing Career Begins IV. Novels for the Ages V. Other Recognizable Works VI. Conclusion VII. Bibliography I. Introduction Across more than half a century, the life and work of Ernest Hemingway have been at the center of controversy and intrigue. From the moment he embarked on his career as a writer, he presented himself to the world as a manÃ¢â¬â¢s man, a sportsman, a street-wise reporter, a heroic, battle-scared soldier, and an aficionado ofRead MoreEssay on Sun Also Rises2493 Words Ã |Ã 10 Pages The Lost of Self quot;One generation passeth away, the passage from Ecclesiates began, and another generation cometh; but the earth abideth forever. The sun also arisehÃ¢â¬ ¦quot;(Baker 122). A Biblical reference forms the title of a novel by Ernest Hemingway during the 1920s, portraying the lives of the American expatriates living in Paris. His own experience in Paris has provided him the background for the novel as a depiction of the lost generation. Hemingways writing career began early; heRead MoreThe Horror Of War During World War II Essay2300 Words Ã |Ã 10 PagesWar. War never changes. War has been a constant part of human history. It has greatly affected the lives of people around the world and results in one commonality. Death by the millions. War; instigated by the petty disagreements of those in power; fought by brave young men that had no other choice. No one truly wins a war; it does not untangle who is right, only who is left. The horrors of war are devastating; both mentally and physically. The horror is not only ever present during life on the frontline;Read MoreEssay about The Sun Also Rises by Ernest Hemingway4189 Words Ã |Ã 17 Pagesfor upholding this hope, the hope given by the rising Sun, the hope of forever abiding Earth. It is a common knowledge that war - the calamity for civilization;, as the narrator Jake names it - disorganises or even destroys humans inner life, his priorities, his code of values; that war causes a lot of chaos in the way one perceives oneself as well as others; that war deprives man of dignity and (self-)respect. The lives of the (dis)affiliates of the Lost Generation, who have gone through theRead MoreEssay on Invisible Man2644 Words Ã |Ã 11 PagesEllisonÃ¢â¬â¢s parents fought for no segregationist laws in the state. On the contrary, Texas and Arkansas did have these laws under the political movement. Entering the period when Ralph Ellison was writing, the United States unified during World War II. During this war, Ralph Ellison joined the Merchant Marine. In the lifetime from 1914-1994 when Ralph Ellison was alive natural events took place. The Spanish Flu and Asian flu pulled in a high death toll which was occurring worldwide. The AIDs pandemic wasRead MoreSAT Top 30 E ssay Evidence18536 Words Ã |Ã 75 Pages................................................ 9 Artists, Authors, and Musicians: Bob Dylan (Ã¢â¬Å"The Prophet of Rock and RollÃ¢â¬ ) .......................................................................................... 11 Ernest Hemingway (Troubled, brilliant author and war reporter) ............................................................ 13 Frank Lloyd Wright (AmericaÃ¢â¬â¢s legendary architect) .............................................................................. 15 Napoleon Hill andRead MoreAfter many a summer dies the swan2782 Words Ã |Ã 12 PagesHe attended Hillside school, after that he was educated at Eton College, Berkshire, and after his eyesight recovered (he had keratitis punctata which left him practically blind for two years, but it also saved him from participation in the World War I), he was able to study English literature at Balliol College, Oxford. Already then he entered the literary world while he was at Oxford, meeting writers like Lytton Strachey and Bertrand Russell and becoming close friends with D. H. Lawrence After
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Question: Discuss about theWelfare Law for Child Abuse and Neglect. Answer: The facts of the case lead us to safely determine that the violent nature of Carols husband was of such a degree and to such an extent that Carol was forced to make a decision to leave him. It must be mentioned here that Carol intends that her husband, who is away at the time is never able to return home. There are considerable precedents that provide us insight that it is indeed possible to get a refrain from or stay away order of protection against the husband from the court at the inception of a divorce or separation. The order that Carol wants to reinstate against her husband is a stay away order. This order generally means that the husband cannot return to the marital home and needs to stay away from the wifes domain including her family and workplace. Failure to abide by these rules will attract prosecution. Carol can simply plead to a court for an injunction against her husband owing to her husbands violent nature. Section 114 of the Family Law Act, 1975 stipulates that a court may grant an injunction against the respondent for the purpose of personal protection of the petitioner, especially when the petitioner is a victim of family violence. The process to apply for an injunction relevant to the present case is basic in nature. Injunctions can be sought by making an application for urgent or interim orders. Section 114 of the Family Law Act, 1975 also provides that if a person intends to seek a permanent injunction order against their spouse they can do so by way of an application to be made for final orders. Rule 4.01 prescribes that such an injunction application must include all the particulars of such action that are relevant for the convenient disposal of the particular case. So, it can be positively concluded that Carol can restrain her husband from returning home by way of an application for injunction as specified under Section 114 of the Family Law Act, 1975. The court shall determine whether such an order is necessary in this case and act accordingly. The human services provide income support in relation to various circumstances including low income supplement, crisis payment, and payment for people with illness, career allowance and partner allowance (this facility is now closed to new applicants). It has been clearly stated that Carols husband supports the family. Now that Carol has decided to leave her husband, she needs financial assistance by way of income support from the human services. However, the human services observe that Carol has a join account with her husband that he can draw from and denies her any income support. It should be mentioned here that income support is only provided to people with low or no income. On the other hand, Carol has not filed for a separation or a divorce against her husband yet. Under these circumstances, the human services are just in taking into account the joint account of Carol and her husband. The only recourse for Carol right now in this regard is to file an application for divorce or separation at a Court which will suspend the joint account from consideration and then apply for income support from the human services. If the human services still now grant her an income support, she can file an application to the court stating her grievance and the Court shall take such measures as it thinks fit to reinstate Carol to a decent lifestyle. If Carol is interested in saving the marriage she may refer to a family counselor for effective counseling of the issues. However, the facts of the case provide insight that Carol has no intention of cohabiting with her husband anymore. The way to achieve that is to file for a divorce or separation at the earliest. Also, given her financial dilemma, she should file for maintenance as guaranteed under section 72 of the Family Law Act, 1975. The FaCS refers to the department of family and community services that work in tandem with various agencies and families to provide a decent environment for the children to grow up in. The motto of the FaCS is to provide care to young people and children. It also provides insight that the above mentioned responsibility is a huge one and that the only way to realize it is to share it with the government, the families as well as the agencies working in the field. The primary procedure that the FaCS follows is to make the young people and children the main focus of the work they undertake with the families. FaCS is not just an agency that takes into consideration the childrens needs but also help the families and cooperate with them to cater for their needs. In NSW it is believed by the department that a child is at risk of significant harm when: the childs essential psychological or physical needs are not met or if they are at a significant risk of not being met, the childs well-being, welfare or safety is at risk, when the child does not get the medical case that is necessary when the child does not receive the education that they should, as specified under the Education Act 1990, when the child experiences ill-treatment, sexual abuse or physical abuse and when the child experiences serious psychological or physical harm as a direct result of staying with a family that has history of domestic violence. The FaCS takes into account the above mentioned criterions while examining each report. Hence, Rosy must be ready to answer each of their question keeping these in mind. If Rosy can convince them that the kids are not at risk and that she needs help in taking care of herself as a result of her disability, the FaCS shall find a suitable channel to provide assistance to Rosy. Such assistance may well be financial or in any other form that they deem to be necessary in this particular case. Rosy may well request the childrens father to provide for a maid for the well being of the family. She may also ask him to come and stay with them if such a scenario is possible. This will allow him to bond with his children while taking care of his family. On the other hand, if Rosy does not want to involve the childrens father any more than he already is, she may file an application to the court for the sole custody of her children with visitation rights for the father. If the court determines that the grounds are just and in good conscience the court may grant Rosy the sole custody of her children which will make the current informal arrangement with the childrens father a formal one. This will take away the chances of the childrens father to apply for a live with order for the children. It will also take away Rosys fear of losing her children and make her feel more secure. Rosy may well take the assistance of the FaCS and the DoCS or any other community service or child service department of the government for the same. She may also consult with the numerous non-governmental agencies that are working for the welfare of the children in Australia. In addition to this, she may take the advice of a family or children counselor in order to get a proper grasp of the mechanism by which she can get the assistance of the various governmental services that are set up for the exact purpose she needs them for. She can always search the web and locate the official portal of the FaCS for more information on the mechanism by which they provide a helping hand to the families that are at a dire need of such help. She can also look up other private agencies that work with the FaCS in the overall process to gain a proper insight into the functioning of the relevant agencies. Section 46 of the Residential Tenancies Act, 1987 provides insight into the rights of the lessor to enter the leased premises for inspection. The specified statute makes it clear that in case the lessor enters the premises for routine inspection he must do so on a reasonable time and day mentioned in a written notice to the tenant. The statute also provides that the lessor must give such notice at least 7 days prior to the planned entry and within 14days prior to the entry that is being proposed in the notice. So, it is the right of Megan and Amy to get a prior notice of visitation by the lessor for inspection. On the other hand, Gerry has no right to drop in unannounced for the purpose of inspection of the leased property. Hence, it then follows that Gerry has no right to present a variation of lease agreement that affects the same. The facts of the case make it clear that Amy and Megan has no intention of signing the varied lease agreement. However, Gerry has threatened to terminate the lease agreement if do not sign off on the varied lease agreement. Section 71 and 72 of the Residential Tenancies Act, 1987 lays down the grounds and mechanism by which a tenancy agreement can be terminated by the lessor. It clearly states that the lessor can only terminate a tenancy before its term is over by giving a 30-day notice to the tenant for vacation of premises when the tenant breaches any term of the lease agreement. Hence, it can be safely ascertained that as Amy and Megan has not breached any term of the original lease agreement, Gerry has no ground to terminate the agreement. Amy and Megan may approach a Court with their grievance in relation to the varied lease agreement. They can also file for an injunction against the lessor to prevent him from dropping in on the leased premises unannounced. Section 43 of the Residential Tenancy Act, 1957 clearly mentions that in case urgent repairs are required the tenant must intimate the lessor of such repairs and on receiving such knowledge, the lessor must act on it within 48 hours. It is also mentioned that such repairs must be carried out by a suitable repairer. Urgent repairs have been defined under Section 43 of the Residential Tenancy Act, 1957 as any repairs that relates to: The restoration or supply of services that are mentioned in the relevant regulations as services that is essential. The prevention of exposing an individual to the possibility of injury or risking property damage or resulting in undue inconvenience or hardship to the tenant. It has also been provided in the statute that in case the lessor does not carry out the urgent repairs after being notified by the tenant, the tenant may take such repair upon himself. The tenant may carry out the minimum repairs necessary through a suitable repairer. The lessor must reimburse the respective tenant for the repairs that were affected by him as well as pay for any remaining repairs that are to me made. So, Amy and Megan can carry out the repairs required in respect of the smell emanating from the stove and the back step as soon as possible by hiring a suitable repairman and Gerry will have no choice but to reimburse them for the costs incurred by them in the process. Any and Megan may approach the legal aid services for information as to the mechanism to deal with their current situation with Gerry. They can also approach the court for assistance in settling the dispute between them and the lessor. These institutions shall provide Amy and Megan the information as well as the mechanism by which they can get the dispute properly redressed. Bibliography When can a court grant an injunction in a family law matter? | Family Law Network Australia. (2017). Familylawmattersaustralia.com.au. Retrieved 25 August 2017, from https://www.familylawmattersaustralia.com.au/when-can-court-grant-injunction-family-law-matter Injunctions under the Family Law Act (Cth) - The Law Handbook. (2017). The Law Handbook. Retrieved 25 August 2017, from https://www.lawhandbook.org.au/2016_04_04_07_injunctions_under_the_family_law_act_federal_law/ Australian Government Department of Human Services. (2017). Humanservices.gov.au. Retrieved 22 August 2017, from https://www.humanservices.gov.au/ Mandatory reporting of child abuse and neglect. (2017).Child Family Community Australia. Retrieved 24 August 2017, from https://aifs.gov.au/cfca/publications/mandatory-reporting-child-abuse-and-neglect Drury-Hudson, J. (1999). Decision making in child protection: The use of theoretical, empirical and procedural knowledge by novices and experts and implications for fieldwork placement.The British Journal of Social Work,29(1), 147-169. Bromfield, L., Higgins, D. (2005). National comparison of child protection systems.ISSUES, (22), 2. Farrell, A. (2004). Child protection policy perspectives and reform of Australian legislation.Child Abuse Review,13(4), 234-245. Community Services - Child protection services. (2017).Community.nsw.gov.au. Retrieved 27 August 2017, from https://www.community.nsw.gov.au/for-agencies-that-work-with-us/child-protection-services Austlii (2017). Retrieved 23 August 2017, from https://www.austlii.edu.au/cgi-bin/viewdoc/au/legis/cth/consol_act/fla1975114/s114.html Austlii (2017). Retrieved 23 August 2017, from https://www.austlii.edu.au/cgi-bin/viewdb/au/legis/wa/consol_act/rta1987207/ Austlii (2017). Retrieved 24 August 2017, from https://www.austlii.edu.au/cgi-bin/viewdoc/au/legis/wa/consol_act/rta1987207/s46.html Austlii (2017). Retrieved 25 August 2017, from https://www.austlii.edu.au/cgi-bin/viewdoc/au/legis/wa/consol_act/rta1987207/s43.html Austlii (2017). Retrieved 25 August 2017, from https://www.austlii.edu.au/cgi-bin/viewdoc/au/legis/wa/consol_act/rta1987207/s72.html Austlii (2017). Retrieved 27 August 2017, from https://www.austlii.edu.au/cgi-bin/viewdoc/au/legis/cth/consol_act/fla1975114/s72.html Austlii (2017). Retrieved 27 August 2017, from https://www.austlii.edu.au/cgi-bin/viewdoc/au/legis/wa/consol_act/rta1987207/s71.html
Monday, April 13, 2020
Time And Culture Essay In The Dance of Life: The Other Dimension of TimeAnthropologist Edward T. Hall entitles his first chapter Time asCulture. An extreme stance perhaps, especially given the potency ofnatures rhythms, but it is instructive of the extent to which experiences andconceptualizations of time and space are culturally determined. Unlike the restof natures animals, our environment is primarily man-made and symbolic inquality. As Bronowski observed in The Ascent of Man, instead of being figures ofthe landscape, like antelopes upon the African savanna, we humans are theshapers of it. Geographical space and natural time are transformed into socialspace and social time, around whose definitions human beings orient theirbehaviors. For instance, instead of being governed by the natural rhythms of thesun and seasons, our behaviors are governed by such cultural temporalities aswork schedules, age norms, and by the open hours of shopping malls. We will write a custom essay on Time And Culture specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now Culture is a shared system of ideas about the nature of the world and how (andwhen) people should behave in it. Cultural theorists argue that culture createsminds, selves and emotions in a society as reliably as DNA creates the varioustissues of a living body. Culture also creates the rhythms of a society thatecho within the very biology of its members. Observes Irving Hallowell(Temporal Orientation in Western Civilization and in a Pre-LiterateSociety, American Anthropologist 36, 1955), It is impossible to assumethat man is born with any innate `temporal sense. His temporal concepts arealways culturally constituted (pp. 216-7). A 1974 study by William Condonand Louis Sander showed that within a few days, infants flex their limbs andmove their heads in rhythms matching the human speech around them. By the time achild is three months old he has already been temporally enculturated, havinginternalized the external rhythms (called Zeitgeber, meaning timegiver in German) of his culture. T hese rhythms underlie a peopleslanguage, music, religious ritual (the Buddhist mantra, for instance, is notonly ones personal prayer but ones personal rhythm), beliefs about post-mortemfate, and their poetry and dance. These rhythms also serve as a basis ofsolidarity: humans are universally attracted to rhythm and to those who sharetheir cadences of talk, movement, music, and sport. Thus socio-cultural systemscan be likened to massive musical scores: change the rhythm such as putting afuneral dirge to a calypso beatand you change the meaning of the piece. Cultures differ temporally, for example, in the temporal precision with whichthey program everyday events (ask any American businessman trying to schedule ameeting in the Middle East) and in the ways various social rhythms are allowedto mesh.
Wednesday, March 11, 2020
Play Review - Grace and Glorie essays The production Grace and Glorie was a variation from the odd couple play base. It shows that even though someone may not need help from someone, the help may come unexpectedly. Grace and Gloria end up helping each other at a time when they are both facing tragedies in their life. Grace Stiles was a ninety-year-old southern woman who is living with cancer. She lives in the Blue Ridge Mountains of West Virginia, where the story takes place. Grace's illness was gradually getting worse, and there was nothing that could be done to cure it, so she went home to live the rest of her life. Hospice, a special concept of care that was designed to help people with increasing illness, sent Gloria Whitman to take care of Grace. Gloria was a graduate of Harvard and a former power management consultant from Manhattan. She moved to Virginia because her husband had joined a power law firm and the move was also an attempt to get over the death of her twelve-year-old son. Grace does not need any help to cope with death. She released herself from the hospital and refused to take any pain medication because she "wants to be awake to meet death." The one who needed the help was not Grace, but it was Gloria. It is not until Gloria resigns from Hospice and goes back to Grace 's cottage when we start to see the compassion and love that is at the heart of everyone at Hospice. In the play, Grace urges Gloria to read aloud from a Hospice pamphlet titled the Signs and Symbols of approaching death. This pamphlet just explained what happens to the people as they are dying. After reading, the information that was read pertained to both Grace and Gloria. Grace and Gloria looked at each other after reading the pamphlet and realized what kind of roles they were going to play to each other. This play was dramatic but very uplifting. The elements of the play brought a sense of happiness to the play - the costumes of both characters kind of defined where ...
Monday, February 24, 2020
Struggle of the Spanish Armada - Assignment Example We have no choice but to turn to back Spain; we have no fresh water, weÃ¢â¬â¢re out of food, and our ammunition is limited. Some of my comrades have resorted to eating rope! The English fleet has routed us and we are forced to fight our way around Scotland. From there we will return to Spain, hopefully alive. I have been counting the days and nights but I have lost track of time. The English have stopped their attacks for some reason but now we have a new foe. The treacherous waters rock our armada to its will and the harsh rains beat into ships like stones. The moral of my comrades is beckoned into the depths of the ocean by this raging storm. I pray to our Lord that we will make our way safely back into our homeland. The storm has ceased its attack upon our Armada. I could have sworn that we had about twice as many ships at the launch of the invasion. Our captain and our crew are growing weary from fatigue and empty bellies. Many of the ships of the Armada, including our own, are splitting up and sailing into Ireland. IÃ¢â¬â¢m sure our Catholic brethren will be most hospitable. There we can fill our bellies and rest before returning to Spain. As we pulled up into the harbor, we were not met with friendly eyes. Our ships were being sunk and men were washing up ashore, dead and alive. I watched in horror as our own ship was struck by the enemy.Ã